The United States' nuclear monopoly ended, NSC-68 was passed, and the search for spies in U.S. nuclear … This is how it was viewed by progressive forces around the world. The Cold War led to building up of large cache of arms between both nations. Reference: Medhurst Martin, 1997. On the other hand, NATO, the military alliance led by the United States during the Cold War, has become a much larger international organisation, in which former Soviet countries have also entered. It was called the Cold War because in effect there was no active war, but a passive attempt to try to outdo the other in terms of power, ideology and allies all over the world. Read this American History Essay and over 89,000 other research documents. Everyone in school now. Berlin issue and Cold war 3. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. To the technological pulse launched by Reagan and followed by George H. W. Bush, Gorbachev tried to respond with a similar shield and a new step in the space race where the Energy Rocket and the Buran Shuttle were his greatest exponents. The Afghan War was a major factor in bankrupting the Soviet Union. However, it did not escalate to an apocalyptic World War III. Causes and effects There are various causes of the Cold War. The Cold War was a confrontation between capitalism and communism from 1945 to 1991. The Allies didn't all agree with what should happen next with Eastern Europe. Korean Crisis and its effect 6. The US financed and armed the Afghan guerrillas to fight against the Soviet troops. Division of Germany 2. Some saw higher goals in the space program, but the truth is that since the competition began, there was a cyclical return to the discussion of whether moon trips and other experiments were necessary or just intimidating maneuvers. After the first meeting in Geneva in 1985 and the failure of the summit in Reykjavik in October 1986, agreements and détente measures followed one another: In December 1987, the two leaders signed the Washington Treaty, which provided for the destruction of short- and medium-range nuclear weapons. The military blocs, NATO and the Warsaw Pact were formed. Causes and Effects of the Cold War The Cold War, though never involving any fighting on either side, resulted in one of the biggest scares the U.S. society and government had ever experienced. John Quincy Adams Short Biography for Schools – Life, Story, Death, The Cold War began with the end of World War II in 1945. The Soviet Union wanted to be in control of the satellite states , while the other nations thought they should be free . Causes and Effects of the Cold War The Cold War, though never involving any fighting on either side, resulted in one of the biggest scares the U.S. society and government had ever experienced. The Apollo 11 mission successfully accomplished its task and Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin became the first humans to walk on another celestial body. Or accessed march essay the effects and causes of cold war. The United States entered the race launching the Explorer I in 1958, but the Soviet Union managed to take a giant step forward by launching the Vostok 1, manned by Yuri Gagarin, in 1961. The cold war between the USA and its allies and the USSR and its allies definitely shaped the post-WW2 period. Causes and Effects of the Cold War The Cold War, though never involving any fighting on either side, resulted in one of the biggest scares the U.S. society and government had ever experienced. Both the United States of America and the Soviet Union built up huge arsenals of atomic weapons and ballistic missiles. Cold War, the open yet restricted rivalry that developed after World War II between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. It seems beautiful, because it seems to speak of us all being equal, but the difference is that there is collective control. The Soviets opted for simplicity and called their creation Sputnik, which means”satellite” in Russian; a name that refers to the Greek language and means”travelling companion” or”companion”, the term the Greeks used to refer to the moon. This conflict was the key to global international relations for almost half a century and was fought on the political, economic and propaganda fronts, but only to a very limited extent on the military front. The Soviet Union wanted to spread its ideology of communism. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Truman Doctrine, 1947 •5. Period: Apr 9, 1927 to Apr 9, 1950. In November 1989, the Berlin Wall fell, reunifying families as well as starting a series of events that led to the reunifying of Germany. This rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union lasted decades and created a result in anti communist accusations and international problems that led up to the two superpowers to the brink of nuclear disaster. The active war was avoided because the two countries were rapidly arming themselves with nuclear weapons, and the outbreak of war would be one that was nuclear, which in turn would destroy the world. Free society would have termed it as World War III, but instead, used a whimsical name pertaining to no direct military confrontation between the two nations, fearing nuclear escalation assured mutual destruction. The 8 Most Important Causes and Consequences of the Cold War The Cold War was an indirect conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union that began at the end of the Second World War and it spread throughout almost half of the 20th century. We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The United States, for its part, managed to send the manned Apollo 8 mission on Christmas 1968. Truman's dislike of Stalin. Not only because of its purchasing power, but also because of its influence on the rest of the world. Causes and Effects of the Cold War The Cold War, though never involving any fighting on either side, resulted in one of the biggest scares the U.S. society and government had ever experienced. The Soviet Union wanted to spread that message throughout the world: communism. The cold war between the USA and its allies and the USSR and its allies definitely shaped the post-WW2 period. Causes. Start studying Causes/Effects of the end of the Cold War. Division of Germany 2. The next step would be to land on the surface of the Moon. The Best History Museums to Virtually Tour During the COVID-19 Pandemic, Virtual Reality Experiences That Let You See History Up Close, The Most Accurate Movies Based on History Worth Seeing, Houston History: From Independence to the Modern Day, Audi History: The Story Behind the Luxury Car Brand, History of Physical Therapy: From Service to Profession, Birmingham Alabama History: The Boomtown of Civil Rights. It was just a fear of nuclear escalation. Cold War Causes There were four kinds of causes of the Cold War. The Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in 1980, which led to the United States and its allies boycotting the 1980 Olympic games in Moscow. America's refusal to share nuclear secrets. This rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union lasted decades and created a result in anti communist accusations and international problems that led up to the two superpowers to the brink of nuclear disaster. The US President had a personal dislike of the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin. The effects of an all-out nuclear war would be devastating to the entire world, and both parties were aware of this fact. America became the sole superpower of the world. Conflicting Ideologies •2. But the superiority of the U.S. economy (the Reagan Administration spent $3 billion on the conceptual development of the missile shield alone) made the targets unattainable, further damaging the already delicate Soviet economic situation. To prevent the spread of communism, the United States became involved and took part in the conflicts of the Asian nations, either directly or by arming the resistance forces against the Soviets. Both countries believed their policies were the best and ultimately wanted all others to follow. The political and ideological confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union or the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) is called the Cold War, both of them wanting to impose their hegemonies on the rest of the world. If all of this hadn’t been a problem, a rivalry between communist and capitalist societies had led to what is known today as The Cold War. This left the Soviet Union and the United States competing for economic and military rule. Some effects of the Cold War included a stagnant Russian economy, a large loss of life and an increased chance of nuclear war. The Cold War: The Global Effects Of The Cold War. This term is used to refer to the political, economic and social conflict between the USSR and the United States, which arose as a result of the latter’s imperialist pretensions at the end of the Second World War. World War II ended in the mid nineteen forties. TENSIONS BETWEEN SUPERPOWERS The first major cause of the Cold War was the increased tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union at the end of World War II. PERIOD OF COLD WAR, 1947 TO 1953 1. These cookies do not store any personal information. The US and the USSR always had their differences, especially when it came to the role of the government and economic structure. The United States followed democratic ideas and opposed the spread of communism. At first, the difference between Soviet Russia and USA led to the Cold War. However, the two nations were greatly affected. The Cold War was all in all an extended period of political and military tensions between the United States and our allies in the Western Bloc, and the pre-existing Soviet Union and their allies involved in the Warsaw Pact. What were the causes of the Cold War, and the most disappointing development of the post-war era? Mikhail Gorbachev’s reforms, which liberalized the economy and granted greater political freedoms, eventually led to a deadly crisis in the Soviet Union. Robert F. Kennedy recognizes this in his book, “Now that the Cold War has disappeared into history, we can say authoritatively that the closest to … To sum up, the Cold War was nothing more than a political confrontation between two powerful nations in the world, the United States and the Soviet Union. USSR's fear of American attack. The Soviet-American combat, known as the "Cold War" hung heavy over global affairs for more than forty long years; structuring the world with extensive military buildups, an unceasing nuclear arms rivalry, intensive surveillance, and relentless technological emulations. It began in the mid 1940s and lasted till the late 1980s. Despite the end of the war and the fact that, at heart, neither of the two countries wanted to enter a third world war, there were several reasons why two of the largest countries clashed. He adopted a conciliatory attitude towards the Americans and many arms reduction pacts were signed. Causes of the Cold War: ADVERTISEMENTS: Various causes are responsible for the outbreak of the Cold War. It began with the end of the Second World War. CAUSES. A number of geopolitical factors that emerged in the wake of the Second World War, pitting Russia against the U.S. World War II ended with the Soviet Union and United States as allies that triumphed over Nazi Germany. The immediate purpose of this so-called “Truman Doctrine” measure was to create American bases in the eastern part of the Mediterranean basin, in order to strengthen US dominance in that area. This system of government was imposed in the countries of Eastern Europe. Use this plan as a pressure mechanism to expel communists from European governments. Some effects of the Cold War included a stagnant Russian economy, a large loss of life and an increased chance of nuclear war. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Studying Causes and Effects of the Cold War In 1945, after World War II, there was an end to the alliance between the United States, Britain, and the USSR. USSR’s expansion west into Eastern Europe + broken election promises. Leaders of the cold war 17. America was annoyed by the Soviet Union’s actions in the part of Germany it had occupied. The differing political systems, war devastation, and the disagreements over rebuilding Europe were main causes of the Cold War. Cause: Fear that the Cold War might turn hot Effects: Maintain rival standing military forces in peacetime by both the East and the West. Cold War. To cohere the capitalists of the different European countries under the leadership of the United States, to fight the Soviet Union and the international workers’ movement and national liberation. They all had different ideas . Nevertheless, both the nations indulged in indirect conflicts and proxy wars by supporting allied nations in places like Korea and Vietnam. Berlin Airlift (June 1948-May 1949) Cause: Stalin closed all highway and rail routes into West Berlin. began during and after World War I, although the official beginning of the Cold War was in 1945, at the Yalta Conference. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! Total of companies can use four ethical rules concerning issues such as videos, blogs and social recognition respect, admiration. Honors American History 9B 28 January 2019 Causes and Impact of the Cold War The Cold War was a war that took place between the United States and the UDSSR for much of the 1900s (Start). Harry Truman recognized Joseph Stalin's malicious intentions and had no interest in a healthy relationship with a country that did not regard the good of the People The United States of America were involved in the f… The”space race” was the technological struggle to see which of the two superpowers, the United States or the USSR, was more advanced. The three leaders of the Allied Forces, FDR, Churchill, and Stalin gathered in Yalta in February of 1945 to discuss the future of Europe, especially Germany. The US imperialists introduced control over the finances and foreign trade of the aid-receiving nations, and under their pressure, the ruling classes of the Western European countries took action against the Communist parties and other progressive organisations. The beginning of the war is seen due to the dividing of Germany. The United States defended democracy and capitalism, as well as the principles of private property and free initiative. At first, the difference between Soviet Russia and USA led to the Cold War. In the past there were countless subsidiary wars, sponsored by both powers in third countries such as Korea, Vietnam or Afghanistan, which caused thousands of deaths and generated political problems still to be solved. Honors American History 9B 28 January 2019 Causes and Impact of the Cold War The Cold War was a war that took place between the United States and the UDSSR for much of the 1900s (Start). Causes of the Cold WarWhat caused the Cold War? v) Decolonized nations as a policy took to neutralism and followed nonalignment as a symbol of prestige and dignity. Not only was it a war of diversity, but a war of great length that lasted about fifty years. Churchil’s Fulton Speech, 1946 •3. Gorbachev began to implement significant changes in the economy, Perestroika and Glásnost politics by unleashing opportunist forces that, with the encouragement of the West, worked to disintegrate the USSR and bring its members – especially Russia – back to capitalism. The Soviet-American combat, known as the "Cold War" hung heavy over global affairs for more than about forty long years; structuring the world with extensive military buildups, an unceasing nuclear arms rivalry, intensive surveillance and relentless technological emulations. In 1989, there was a Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan and in 1990, the Soviets agreed to the reunification of Germany. The Soviets explode their first atomic bomb. What is it and How is the fog formed | Types of fog? He announced a major weapons buildup and the SDI (Strategic Defense Initiative) also dubbed as “Star Wars”. Its dissolution in 1991 had as its main consequence the predominance of the United States as the only world power. Cold War Rhetoric: Strategy, Metaphor and Ideology. Moreover, the acquisition of atomic … The Cold War began with the end of World War II in 1945, and ended with the end of the Soviet Union in 1991 after the economic crisis that resulted from the great acquisition of arms and the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. These conflicts are considered one of the most negative consequences of the Cold War. The Cold War started because Europe lost power at the end of World War II. It was so called because there was no hot or active war between these two nations. LinkedIn with Background Even in the capitalist countries the doctrine was received with intense suspicion. 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