They are all from the Phylum Cnidaria. Habitats for Candy Cane Coral Candy Cane Coral, also known as Trumpet Coral, Torch Coral, Candy Coral, and Bullseye Coral, is a colonial type of coral that can grow anywhere on a coral reef or rock bed. Barrier Reefs: As the name states, these reef types border along coastlines with a very wide and deep lagoon separating the two structures. This species of coral is structurally complex with many large branches. The shape of table coral is ideal to expose as much of their surface as possible to sunlight. In the Florida Keys, patch reefs are a very common occurrence. Unlike sea anemone, coral produce a skeletal structure that contains calcium. Types of Coral Reefs. This coral mostly appears near Fiji. Staghorn coral (genus Acropora). Coral is a brilliant orangish pink color inspired by the color of the marine invertebrates of the same name. Coral species include the important reef builders that inhabit tropical oceans and secrete calcium carbonate to form a hard skeleton. Aside from the lovely solid colors found in Coral, it can also have color zones or swirls, with white, pink, orange, and red … This is to say the size and the same of the reef itself in relation to any nearby land. Coral reefs are important because they bring in billions of dollars to our economy through tourism, protect coastal homes from storms, support promising medical treatments, and provide a home for millions of aquatic species. Table Coral (Acropora):Table Coral is the same branching type of coral as Staghorn coral, however it grow as flat plates. Schools of colorful pennantfish, pyramid, and milletseed butterflyfish live on an atoll reef in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. The usual color of table coral is a dull brown or green, but it is brightened up by the numerous reef fish that shelter under and around its plates. The hard coral skeleton is covered with small bumpy growths. The life span of the largest brain corals is 900 years. Clownfish Identification Part 2/2. Blue corals occur in tropical waters, on intertidal reef flats and upper reef slopes. The common name for this coral is the bubble coral because it make round pearl shaped bubbles just like fish eggs and that is what most divers think it is. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Although they look like a number of types of hard corals in reality the feared and much maligned fire coral is a Hydroid. Precious coral, or red coral, the common name given to a genus of marine corals, Corallium. Tube Coral (Tubastraea): Tube Coral is a large polyp stony coral, and is found in a variety of colors and forms depending upon species. That is we see as the hard chalky structures that join together to form coral reefs. The polyp uses calcium carbonate (limestone) from seawater to build a hard, cup-shaped skeleton. Types of Coral Reef Formations Scientists generally divide coral reefs into four classes: fringing reefs, barrier reefs, atolls, and patch reefs. This type of reef grows seaward directly from the shore. They also have specific requirements for the amount of salt in the water, or salinity. Anemone Brain coral (family- Faviidae): Named because of this corals spheroid shape and grooved surface which resembles an animal brain. It’s Polyps are the size of a person’s thumb and can be seen fully extend at night. Formed through a complex process initiated by underwater volcanoes, atolls develop slowly, over millions of years, and are now among the most prevalent types of coral reef formations in the world. How to cite this article, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Five Things You Should Know About Coral Reefs. This creates a lagoon of open, often deep water between the reef and the shore. 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