His warm, elegant tone was one that he admittedly tried to make sound like a dry martini. After some time spent inactive, Desmond was asked to play the Half Note in New York City in 1971 by Hall. Desmond's playing was also notable for his ability to produce extremely high notes, the altissimo register, on his saxophone. If Johnny Hodges was the seducer on alto, Desmond was the cool intellect always willing to engage all of your senses. "[2] Desmond was married from 1947 to 1949 to Duane Reeves Lamon. [6][8] That is how the Dave Brubeck Quartet had its start, a group that began in 1951 and ended in December 1967. At the time, Brubeck and Brubeck's wife Iola had three small children, and Brubeck had instructed Iola not to let Desmond set foot in the family home. Phil has told me that he has created the Phil-Tone Orion to be a great playing alto saxophone mouthpiece at a great price. What if each cool version had its own tone or sound and there was a wonderful instrument that when played, just right, brought that cool to life? Desmond began to study clarinet at the age of twelve, which he continued while at San Francisco Polytechnic High School. He exemplified a sound and cool that was said to come from the west coast. "[2][3][4] However, Fred Barton, songwriter/arranger and Desmond's cousin, found extensive genealogical proof that both the Breitenfeld and Löwy families were Bohemian Jews. Phil-Tone Orion Alto Saxophone Mouthpiece . But that ... that was when he was playing great. Jan 5, 2018 - Explore John Harling's board "Paul Desmond" on Pinterest. Brubeck was trying out for the 253rd Army band, which Desmond belonged to. Desmond was cremated and his ashes were scattered. Jump to Latest Follow 21 - 33 of 33 Posts. Paul Desmond was a great saxophonist. I play guitar, but Desmond had the sax down. In the 1940s and 1950s, Desmond frequently took amphetamines, and in the 1970s, he was known to use cocaine. Paul Desmond’s artistry was bringing cool to life. Paul Desmond could make the alto sing like a bird. Never without his humor, after he was diagnosed with cancer he expressed pleasure at the health of his liver. Desmond's mother Shirley was emotionally unstable throughout his upbringing, and appears to have suffered from obsessive–compulsive disorder and other mental illnesses. Desmond died on May 30, 1977, not of his heavy alcohol habit but of lung cancer, the result of his longtime heavy smoking. His pa… read more In an era that worshipped the frenetic, bebop style of Charlie Parker, Paul Desmond found his own sound, a tone that he claimed imitated a “dry martini.” It was a sound that made him a favourite with critics and fans alike, and won him jazz poll after jazz poll. This probably would help! If you like the sound of Paul Desmond, this review is for you. [2] Starting in 1933, Desmond spent nearly five years living with relatives in New Rochelle, New York due to his mother's mental health problems. Desmond produced a light, melodic tone on the alto saxophone, trying to sound, he said, "like a dry martini." His tone was light but full. He exemplified a sound and cool that was said to come from the west coast. Just enough. The Paul Desmond Papers are held at the Holt-Atherton Special Collections in the University of the Pacific Library. See more ideas about jazz musicians, jazz blues, jazz. Seduction. Unlike Brubeck, Mulligan personally shared much in common with Desmond. His improvisations were complex but always lyrical and direct. The two made two studio albums together (Gerry Mulligan - Paul Desmond Quartet (1957), and Two of a Mind (1962)). The quartet became especially popular with college-age audiences, often performing in college settings like on their ground-breaking 1953 album Jazz at Oberlin at Oberlin College, or on their recordings on the campuses of Ohio University and the University of Michigan, among others. That’s cool. Allmusic awarded the album 4 stars stating "The tone of the album: lush, reflective, thought-provoking, and soul-stirring. Paul Desmond was born Paul Emil Breitenfeld in San Francisco in 1924. Desmond produced a light, melodic tone on the alto saxophone, trying to sound, he said, "like a dry martini." As we come to the end of a challenging year, we’re here for you — and we hope you can be here for us, too. Desmond grew especially close to Dave's son Michael, to whom he left his saxophone upon death. His warm, elegant tone was one that he admittedly tried to make sound like a dry martini. He wrote “Take Five” for the Dave Brubeck quartet. Much of the success of the classic Brubeck quartet was due to the juxtaposition of his airy style over Brubeck's sometimes relatively heavy, polytonal piano work. Desmond appeared at Brubeck's San Francisco apartment one day while Dave was in the back yard hanging diapers on a laundry line, and Iola, defying Brubeck's wishes, let Desmond in and took him to Dave. Breitenfeld accompanied silent films in movie theaters and produced musical arrangements for printed publication and for live theatrical productions. Photograph: Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images . [2] Biographer Ramsey notes that "the name Breitenfeld could be Jewish or non-Jewish. Gottsu Sepia Tone VI Marble Alto Saxophone Mouthpiece Review. After years of chain smoking and poor health, Desmond succumbed to lung cancer in 1977 after a tour with Brubeck. Live recordings of that concert and club dates with Bickert performed during 1974-1975 were released during and after Desmond's lifetime. [4] Sigmund Breitenfeld, a medical doctor, emigrated to New York City with his wife Hermine (born Hermine Lewy) at the end of the 19th century, and the Breitenfelds raised their four children (including Desmond's father Emil) with no religion. Paul Desmond is widely recognized for his genius as a melodic improviser and as the benchmark of cool jazz sax players. 1 (Oct., 2001), pp. [6], In 1946, following his military discharge, Desmond legally changed his last named from Breitenfeld to Desmond. Paul Desmond (born Paul Emil Breitenfeld, November 25, 1924 – May 30, 1977) was an American jazz alto saxophonist and composer, best known for his work with the Dave Brubeck Quartet and for composing that group's biggest hit, "Take Five". What if each cool version had its own tone or sound and there was a wonderful instrument that when played, just right, brought that cool to life? With his special brand of humor, Desmond said that he took the job only because he was nearby and could tumble out of bed to work. Desmond featured Bickert on his 1975 studio album Pure Desmond, and the two played together at the 1976 Edmonton Jazz Festival. He and Art Pepper were virtually the only alto players … Interviewed by Desmond biographer Doug Ramsey, Desmond's first cousin Rick Breitenfeld said that no one in the Breitenfeld family could find evidence of Jewish ancestry or Jewish religious observance, but Paul Desmond and members of his father's family "frequently speculated as to whether or not Sigmund or Hermine Breitenfeld had Jewish backgrounds". Awash in Dewar's and full of health. There are plenty of Breitenfelds in Germany and Austria to support both sides of the argument. A gesture. He and Art Pepper were virtually the only alto players of their generation not directly influenced by Charlie Parker. Paul Desmond produced a melodic tone on his alto saxophone, trying to sound like a “Dry Martini”. 1" // "How Long, Baby How Long, Pt. Desmond offered to perform arranging and administrative work for Brubeck's band, and to babysit Brubeck's children, and Brubeck finally relented and agreed to try working with Desmond again. The Singing Program of World War I: The Crusade for a Singing Army Author(s): E. Christina Chang Source: Journal of Historical Research in Music Education, Vol. Paul Desmond was an artist who stood alone on the alto saxophone. His tone was light but full. But the name could have been applied just as aptly to Paul Desmond… This album brings back so many memories of my long-gone and mostly misspent youth. He was known to have several addictions, including Dewar's Scotch whisky and Pall Mall cigarettes. An evenness. 2" [78rpm 10" disc], "The Man I Love" // "Down In Honkytonk Town" [78rpm 10" disc], This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 04:46. His warm, elegant tone was one that he admittedly tried to make sound like a dry martini. If Johnny Hodges was the seducer on alto, Desmond was the cool intellect always willing to engage all of your senses. My favorite sax player is Paul Desmond, tone, style, phrasing, just had it going on. Thu … Paul Desmond is widely recognized for his genius as a melodic improviser and as the benchmark of cool jazz sax players. His father was Jewish and his mother Irish-Catholic. After this long and expensive process, Desmond willed the piano to Cunningham, a characteristic and final prank. The Paul Desmond Papers are held at the Holt-Atherton Special Collections in the University of the Pacific Library. The Dave Brubeck Quartet Plays Cole Porter, We're All Together Again for the First Time, Paul Desmond Quartet Featuring Don Elliott, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paul_Desmond&oldid=992802661, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Joker (Italy) SM-3804; Blue Vox (Switzerland) B/90174, Dave Brubeck/Paul Desmond/Dave Van Kriedt, Europa Jazz (Italy) EJ-1032; Denon (Japan) 33C38-7681, Columbia C2L-26/C2S-826 [as double LP]; CL-2036/CS-8836 and CL-2037/CS-8837 [as single LPs], "How Long, Baby How Long, Pt. Style. His last concert was with Brubeck in February 1977, in New York City. 1; 2; First 2 of 2 Go to page . Lewy, the maiden surname of Paul's paternal grandmother Hermine, is more likely to be of Jewish origin, but no evidence of her genealogy has surfaced. Richard Williams. That’s Paul Desmond. I first heard both Chet and Paul in the mid fifties, they were incredibly lyrical players. [10], Desmond had a celebrated studio partnership with guitarist Jim Hall. Desmond met Canadian guitarist Ed Bickert through a recommendation by Jim Hall, and Desmond performed with Bickert at several clubs in the Toronto area during 1974–1975. This is a lovely tuneful, cool collection which would make a nice relaxing listen before bedtime, or at anytime that you needed a period of calm. Our site uses cookies to tailor your experience, measure site performance and present relevant donation incentives and advertisements. Thanks for posting this comment. As freshman at San Francisco State College, Desmond began playing alto saxophone. If Johnny Hodges was the seducer on alto, Desmond was the cool intellect always willing to engage all of your senses. Paul Desmond is widely recognized for his genius as a melodic improviser and as the benchmark of cool jazz sax players. His improvisations were complex but always lyrical and direct. It's interesting how many saxophonists don't understand that the most important factor is to have a pleasing tone or voice (everything else is second). Desmond was a guest artist on five tracks by Chet Baker recorded between 1975 and 1977. Paul Desmond is widely recognized for his genius as a melodic improviser and as the benchmark of cool jazz sax players. [6] During Brubeck's Two Generations tours, Desmond and Mulligan shared the stage together in 1974. 23, No. During World War I, while Breitenfeld was training with the 17th New York Regiment in Plattsburgh, New York, he composed The Last Long Mile, one of the best-known soldiers' songs of that war.[5]. Paul Desmond was an artist who stood alone on the alto saxophone. From 1950 to 1967, Paul Desmond played with the wildly successful Dave Brubeck Quartet; their midpoint triumph Time Out from 1959 is a staple on lists of the most important jazz LPs. 3 years ago. Paul Desmond’s artistry was bringing cool to life. He told many stories over the years regarding how he chose the name Desmond, but his biographer Doug Ramsey offers an account from Desmond's friend Hal Strack that the two were listening to the Glenn Miller band singer Johnny Desmond in 1942, and Desmond told Strack "that's such a great name. I have won several prizes as the world's slowest alto player, as well as a special award in 1961 for quietness. "[2] Desmond developed a talent for writing during high school as well, becoming co-editor of his high school newspaper. A B-side that was just so smooth. In an era that worshipped the frenetic, bebop style of Charlie Parker, Paul Desmond found his own sound, a tone that he claimed imitated a "dry martini." It corresponds to the "quantity of high-frequencies" we hear in the sound. In June 1969 Desmond appeared at the New Orleans Jazz Festival with Gerry Mulligan, procuring favorable reactions from critics and audience members. In 1976 Desmond played 25 shows in 25 nights with Brubeck, touring the United States in several cities by bus. Desmond was cremated and his ashes were scattered. By continuing to browse this site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Baker and Desmond also appeared together on two tracks included on Jim Hall's 1975 Concierto album. Desmond once told Marian McPartland of National Public Radio's Piano Jazz that he was taken aback by the chord changes Brubeck introduced during that 1944 audition. Playing with Desmond and Mulligan was really mind-blowing because they were such heroes for me. Known as "The Sound" because of his warm, lyrical tone, Getz's prime influence was the wispy, mellow tone of his idol, Lester Young. Desmond's mother, born Shirley King, was Catholic, and of Irish descent. When you want to begin using sequences in your playing, it can be … Dave Brubeck and Paul … [1] His grandfather Sigmund Breitenfeld was, according to an obituary, born in Austria in 1857. Prev. Accompanying them were Brubeck's sons Chris Brubeck, Dan Brubeck and Darius Brubeck. Paul Desmond is widely recognized for his genius as a melodic improviser and as the benchmark of cool jazz sax players. After World War II, Desmond started working in the San Francisco Bay Area, taking pick-up work as a backing musician as he could find it. It was a sound that made him a favourite with critics and fans alike, and won him jazz poll after jazz poll. Some people called him the stork—'Cause he would stand on one leg and leaned on the piano. He spent three years in the military, but his unit was not called to combat. One of the great livers of our time. Desmond was born Paul Emil Breitenfeld in San Francisco, California, in 1924, the son of Shirley (née King) and Emil Aron Breitenfeld. Start With a Simple Melodic Idea. In his first year of college, Desmond was drafted into the United States Army and joined the Army band while stationed in San Francisco. This work is quite a plus for any listener and especially those who consider themselves avid fans of Paul Desmond. It's so smooth and yet it's uncommon....If I ever decide I need another name, it's going to be Desmond. [2] His chemical-dependency problems would sometimes drain him of his energy on the road. [11] Desmond is reported to have quipped, upon seeing a former girlfriend on the street, "There she goes, not with a whim but a banker" (a semi-Spoonerism reference to T.S. In their private lives Dave Brubeck and his family were very close to Paul Desmond, though the two men possessed very different personalities. His improvisations were complex but always lyrical and direct. During WWII he was drafted into the US Army, but he joined a military band and never saw combat. These were released on the albums She Was Too Good to Me, You Can't Go Home Again, and The Best Thing For You. Desmond had met Dave Brubeck in 1944 while still in the military. His rare gift for improvised counterpoint is perhaps most evident on the two albums he recorded with baritone saxophonist Gerry Mulligan (Mulligan-Desmond Quartet and Two of a Mind). Stan Getz (Stanley Gayetzky, February 2, 1927 Philadelphia – June 6, 1991 Malibu, California) was an American jazz tenor saxophone player. Darius Brubeck recalls thinking that Desmond was his uncle almost into adolescence. He and Art Pepper were virtually the only alto players of their generation not directly influenced by Charlie Parker. During high school, he wished to study violin, but his father dissuaded him, saying that violin players were "a dime a dozen....with the violin, you'll starve. What used to scare me is I'd look at him and it would just be whites in his eyes, wouldn't be any eyeballs. Desmond was also described as a womanizer who was unable to form (and was uninterested in maintaining) steady relationships with women, though he had no shortage of female companions throughout his life. Generation not directly influenced by Charlie Parker, Paul Desmond, and soul-stirring gives whole. Cunningham, a characteristic and final prank to be a great price in June 1969 Desmond at. `` the name Breitenfeld could be Jewish or non-Jewish in Germany and Austria to support both sides the. 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