Irony can be categorized into different types, including verbal irony, dramatic irony, and situational irony. Time-travel paradoxes are very common in popular culture. Therefore it is impossible to reach the wall. Moreover, the dilemma involves two possible situations, not one actual situation, so there’s no literary paradox either. What literary device is use here? There’s no logical contradiction, and therefore no logical paradox. Thus, he combines a gruff, mean exterior with a deep sense of compassion and morality. In a dilemma, we may have conflicting needs or desires, but those desires are logically compatible, so there’s no logical paradox. Still-waking sleep, that is not what it is! Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Hamlet ‘must be cruel only to be kind’ and with this realisation ‘bad begins and worse remains behind.’ Similarly, with the A-level ethos, the reading and the extra work may seem a cruelty, but ultimately, it is the kindness that allows you to push your grades up, and so ‘leave worse behind’. To allude to an apparent contradiction and suggest that it might reveal a greater truth if it can be resolved. Paradox also appears in great political speeches, whose key phrases have survived the test of time in the public imagination. One famous example is found in Hamlet, when Hamlet says, “I must be cruel only to be kind,” when discussing his plan to murder his uncle, King Claudius.Murder, of course, is cruel, as is widowing his mother Gertrude (she has married Claudius after his father’s death).. He knows that if he kills him, it will create a logical paradox that may destroy the universe, but Fry’s clumsy efforts to protect Enos from harm put the pair in greater and greater danger. "I must be cruel to be kind" / Amongst friends, but all alone. This is a nice literary paradox, but not a logical one. O heavy lightness! Thus, he was cruel to be kind. And so "one must be cruel to be kind". Refine any search. I must be cruel only to be kind (Hamlet III.IV.181)This is a nice literary paradox, but not a logical one. Zeno’s paradox, one of the oldest paradoxes that we know of, states: A man approaches a wall 10 feet away. Teacher Editions with classroom activities for all 1379 titles we cover. “I must be cruel to be kind.” Meaning, he must kill his stepfather (cruel) in order to avenge his father’s murder (kind). He is talking about being cruel to others, more specifically his mother, in order to end up being kind.Couplet - two lines of a verse that rhyme.“More relative than this. In the study of logic, paradoxes have a slightly different meaning than the one we cover in this entry. Some people mistake dilemmas for paradoxes, but they’re actually quite different. PUBLISHED: 13:01, Wed, May … Similarly, the phrase “a poor man of great wealth” appears to be a paradox, but the contradiction disappears once we realize that the “wealth” is not money, but spiritual, moral, or intellectual fulfillment. To highlight the complexity of a certain situation, or point out the fallacy of a widely-held, preconceived notion. Logical paradoxes of this sort are one of the many reasons why time travel is such a difficult proposition for science. Detailed quotes explanations with page numbers for every important quote on the site. This literary device is used for dramatic or comedic effect. When an author places two or more disparate elements next to one another, this is referred to as juxtaposition, but it can also fall under the broad definition of literary paradox. In literature, paradoxes can create humor, express the confusion or frustration of a seeming impossibility, or make clear the absurdity of an unexpected situation. The word paradox comes from the Greek "paradoxos," meaning contrary to expectation, or strange. Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health! Logical paradoxes are statements that actually do contradict themselves, and are therefore unresolvable. Mis-shapen chaos of well-seeming forms! What is paradox? serious vanity! This device is often used for emphasis, for humor, to create tension, or to illustrate a paradox (see next entry for more information on paradoxes). Freedom is slavery. Whitman's paradoxes invite the reader to reconsider what he or she believes to be important. But there is neither a logical paradox nor a literary paradox in this situation. An oxymoron is an apparent paradox that can be escaped through puns or double entendre. Literary Terms literary terms to know. Every challenge facing the nation could be defeated, Roosevelt argued, as long as its citizens could believe in themselves and vanquish fear. Literary devices or literary techniques are specific structures that writers often use to add meaning or create more compelling stories for the reader. although logic is a valuable tool, it sometimes breaks down, as in the example of “this statement is a lie.” Philosophers and mystics often use paradoxes to prove that human beings have to approach their world using intuition as well as logic. For example, one of the most famous images of juxtaposition shows a group of anti-war protesters surrounded by soldiers who are pointing rifles at them, with one man out of the crowd placing flowers in the barrel of each gun. Like Hamlet, the singer emphasizes that a little cruelty can also be an expression of love. In his play Man and Superman, Shaw uses his protagonist Jack Tanner to express many of his own unconventional ideas about society. cruel to be kind, writer version November 3, 2016 November 4, 2016 cyndimacmillan As a fiction writer, I know that I must put my main character through a series of life trials. For example, it would be ironic if an ethics professor was stealing money from her students. ... “I must be cruel to be kind.” – Hamlet by William Shakespeare While an oxymoron is usually made up of just two words, a paradox can be expressed in many different ways, as a concept or a description of a situation. He is haunted by the paradoxical advice of his grandfather, who tells him to "overcome 'em with yeses, undermine 'em with grins, agree 'em to death and destruction..." In other words, the grandfather suggests that the best way to break the power of the white majority is precisely to submit to it. Get a quick-reference PDF with concise definitions of all 136 Lit Terms we cover. share | improve this answer | follow | … A Chinese folk tale tells of a blacksmith who created the best armor and weapons in the world. Literary paradox is distinct from logical paradox, in which the meaning of a statement is contradictory in a way that cannot be resolved into sense-making. It would be a paradox if shrimp necessarily meant “something small.” But shrimp can also mean a specific animal, and thus the apparent paradox is just an illusion. The purpose of a literary device is to bring extra meaning to a copy or an ad to draw attention and keep the lead hooked to read the rest of the text. Clearly, the word “see” isn’t being used literally in this case, but rather figuratively – closing one’s eyes to the outside world allows one to “see” internal truths. (This logical paradox is resolved, however, because it turns out that Enos was not actually Fry’s grandfather to begin with.). Although this was considered a difficult paradox by the ancient Greeks, most philosophers today believe that it can be escaped because the “infinite number of actions” theory is invalid. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Oxymoron: uses contradiction, but is more compressed than a paradox. Where shall we dine?—O me! In his dystopian novel 1984, George Orwell imagines a totalitarian government designed on purpose to have contradictory claims at its very core. To craft a word puzzle that draws the reader in and demands their attention. What does you have to be cruel to be kind expression mean? If the bar is crowded, then lots of people are going. Paradoxes are quirks in logic that demonstrate how our thinking sometimes goes haywire, even when we use perfectly logical reasoning to get there. Allegory - the device of using character and/or story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction in addition to the literal meaning. George Bernard Shaw. What is paradox? To add humor to a work by making a witty observation. The basic difference is which direction you’re traveling. Think about it this way. (3.4.174-181) The general population of this dystopian future seems numb to the contradiction inherent in this phrase, and this is part of why Orwell sees this society as so dangerous. This combination of disparate elements could also be seen as a literary paradox. This makes it similar to the classic "liar's paradox" from logic: "this sentence is a lie.". In the study of logic, paradoxes have a slightly different meaning than the one we cover in this entry. In order to lead, you must follow. Instant downloads of all 1379 LitChart PDFs. Unlike paradoxes, antitheses are not contradictory, nor do they seem to be. Paraprosdokian: surprise or unexpected ending of a phrase or series. Don’t confuse it with anthropomorphism, which goes farther, making the nonhuman character act and appear human. 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