You could also do it yourself at any point in time. The displacement of the two Project 69-I-class ships increased to 36,250 metric tons (35,677 long tons) at standard load and 42,831 metric tons (42,155 long tons) at full load which increased the draft to 9.7 meters (31 ft 10 in) at full load while the waterline length grew to 242.1 meters (794 ft 3 in) simply because the extra draft submerged more of the sharply raked stem and spoon-shaped stern. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. They replied that the turrets were out of production, but new ones could be built. Soviet Kronstadt battlecruiser - hypotheticals. The underwater protection was an American-style design with a bulge and four longitudinal bulkheads intended to withstand a 500-kilogram (1,102 lb) warhead of TNT. If it no longer meets these criteria, you can reassess it. This is why the Soviets bought twelve surplus 38-centimeter (15.0 in) SK C/34 guns, and their twin turrets, similar to those used in the Bismarck-class battleships, from Germany in 1940. They were … The main belt was 230 millimeters (9.1 in) thick, with a taper to the lower edge, and inclined outwards six degrees. But in 1944, Soviet premier Joseph Stalin rebooted the concept for a namesake ship, the Stalingrad-class battlecruiser. [16] The guns fired .732-kilogram (1.61 lb) shells at a muzzle velocity of 880 m/s (2,887 ft/s). These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. These had two 8-meter (26 ft 3 in) stereoscopic rangefinders, one to track the target and the other to measure the range to the ship's own shell splashes. They had a maximum range of 30,085 meters (32,901 yd) with a 50-kilogram (110 lb) shell at a muzzle velocity of 915 m/s (3,000 ft/s). So the middle deck was thickened to 90-millimeter (3.5 in) with the lower deck intended to catch any splinters penetrating the armor deck. These ships had a complex and prolonged design proces However, with the Kronshtadt, the B-38 guns were prepared in time for use on … Kronshtadt Preview. 4 x twin 100mm Dual Purpose guns. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. [9], The Soviet shipbuilding and related industries proved to be incapable of supporting the construction of the four Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleships as well as the two Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers at the same time. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, ("Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69"), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. This meant that the main belt had to be extended upwards to meet the main armor deck at a significant penalty in weight. Work on these ships ceased shortly after the German invasion. Ive been reading up on the Lexington and G3 class battlecruisers and looking at how the Devs would classify them if they ever show up. The forward boiler room contained eight boilers and was followed by an engine room for the two wing propeller shafts. The big problem is definition. It was completed in 1948.[22]. Secondary Weapons. The conning tower had 330 mm sides and a 125 mm roof with a 230 mm communications tube running down to the armor deck. They were … The main armor deck, which was even with the top of the waterline belt, was 90 millimeters (3.5 in) thick and a 30-millimeter (1.2 in) splinter deck was underneath it, although it tapered to 15 millimeters (0.59 in) in thickness over the torpedo protection system. While the Frunze was intended to use B-38 16in guns, time overruns led to 15in guns from Germany being imported to use. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. These ships were designed to be an even cheaper companion to the preceding Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser.. The belt was 185 meters (606 ft 11 in) long and covered 76.8 percent of the waterline; forward of this was a 20 mm belt that extended all the way to the bow. 10/7/1938 the Basic technical development plans on designing of a heavy cruiser of project 69 have been approved. Armor plate production was even more problematic as only 27,438 metric tons (27,005 long tons) were delivered in 1940 of the anticipated 30,000–32,000 metric tons (29,526–31,495 long tons) and 30–40% of that was rejected. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. While the naval war in the Atlantic was winding down, the Soviet Admiralty decided to order the ships not only to further modernize their fleet, but to challenge the massive American Fleet in the postwar. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. [5] Their elevation range was -5.5° to +30° with a fixed loading angle of 2.5°. Their maximum range was 8,000 meters (26,247 ft). The admiral's bridge was protected with 50 mm armor. There were two other small boilers for harbor service and to power the auxiliary machinery. Shipbuilding steel proved to be in short supply in 1939–1940 and a number of batches were rejected because they did not meet specifications. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers are a class of battlecruisers developed in the 1930s by the Soviet Union for the Soviet Navy in the early 1930s. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, ("Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69"), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Four succeeding Battlecruisers, four vessels were laid down, 3 cancelled … So the barbette of turret number two had to be raised to clear turret number one and the height of the conning tower had to be raised to clear turret number two. These are identified as among the best series of articles produced by the Wikipedia community. Prototypes of the armament and machinery had not even been completed by 22 June 1941, almost two years after the start of construction. [7], The hull form was very full with a block coefficient of 0.61 which compared badly to the 0.54 of the Dunkerque, the 0.52 of the German O-class battlecruiser or the 0.5266 of the American Alaska-class cruiser. A revised, 35,000-ton design with 152-millimeter (6.0 in) guns and extra armor was submitted to the State Defense Council in January 1939. As a response to the German Scharnhorst-class battle cruisers, Stalin’s government had also ordered three battle cruisers that were laid down in 1939 and were designed to mount nine 16-inch guns. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, ("Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69"), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. A third ship, possibly to be called Stalingrad, was never started. Alas, the demands of the war saw that the Kronshtadt was never built. battlecruiser vs heavy cruiser Author: Date: December 2, 2020 December 2, 2020 She was laid down 30 November 1939 and judged 10.6% complete when the Germans invaded. The battlecruiser … The Soviets considered converting her into an aircraft carrier, but the idea was rejected and both hulls were scrapped in 1947. Alas, the demands of the war saw that the Kronshtadt was never built. The ships were partially redesigned to accommodate them, after construction had already begun, but no turrets were actually delivered before Germany invaded the following year. The Germans said that they would have to check back for the technical details. [15], Light AA defense was handled by six quadruple, water-cooled mounts fitted with 37 mm (1.5 in) 70-K guns. Kronshtadt Modules. 61 Kommunar yard at Nikolaev respectively. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. Name: Kronshtadt. [14], Heavy anti-aircraft (AA) fire was provided by eight 56-caliber 100 mm B-34 dual-purpose guns in four twin turrets mounted at the aft end of the superstructure with the aft turrets mounted inboard of the forward turrets. This page was last edited on 20 February 2018, at 17:57 (UTC). [10], The main armament consisted of three electrically powered triple-gun turrets, each with three 54-caliber 305 mm B-50 guns. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers had their origin in a mid-1930s requirement for a large cruiser (Russian: bol'shoi kreiser) capable of destroying 10,000-long-ton (10,160 t) cruisers built to the limits imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, to which the Soviets were not a signatory. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. A battlecruiser, or battle cruiser, was a large capital ship built in the first half of the 20th century. Much of the design work was accomplished by using naval engineers abducted from the British Empire, Japan and United States (and later UAPR).. : Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser is part of the Battlecruisers of the world series, a featured topic.It is also part of the Battlecruisers of Russia series, a featured topic. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. Nickname: Kron, Project 69, Birthdate: November 30, 1939. Kronshtadt Preview This is why the Soviets bought twelve surplus 38-centimeter (15.0 in) SK C/34 guns, and their twin turrets, similar to those used in the Bismarck-class battleships, from Germany in 1940. The situation was not much better for the smaller guns as mountings for both the 152 mm and 100 mm guns were still incomplete on 22 June 1941 and all of these programs were terminated quickly afterwards. The Soviets envisioned one of these projects, the Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser, to be faster than Germany’s Bismarck-class battleship and more powerful than the Scharnhorst. The order also included 10-meter (33 ft) rangefinders and 150-centimeter (59 in) searchlights. Her building slip was too short for her entire length so her stern was built separately. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Twelve 7u-bis water-tube boilers worked at a pressure of 37 kg/cm2 (3,628 kPa; 526 psi) and temperature of 380 °C (716 °F). Nation: Soviet Union. Two ships were started but … A preliminary purchase agreement was made to buy twelve guns and six turrets later that month, well before any studies were even made to see if the substitution was even possible. Alas, the demands of the war saw that the Kronshtadt was never built. Ultimately, the two ships of the class — Kronshtadt and Sevastopol — would never be completed, due to the aforementioned limitations of Soviet heavy industries at the time, and the eventual commencement of the Great Patriotic War and the re-allocation of the necessary resources for other uses. We have created a browser extension. The Stalingrad-class battlecruiser, also known as Project 82 (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 82), was a Soviet battlecruiser design from 1941. @aizenns The Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser of the USSR was intended for 38 cm cannons. Before the Germans evacuated the city they damaged her building slip and hull with explosives and made her a constructive total loss. It was deemed superior to the Kongos at medium range and inferior to the Dunkerques at the same range, but generally superior to the Scharnhorsts, although it is doubtful that the Soviets were fully aware of the true specifications of the Kongōs as rebuilt or of the Scharnhorsts as the displacement of the latter had been given as 26,000 metric tons (25,589 long tons), more than 5,000 metric tons (4,921 long tons) short of their true displacement. The upper deck was only 14 millimeters (0.55 in) thick and was intended to initiate shell and bomb fuzes. They wanted a ship not to exceed 23,000 metric tons with a speed of 34 knots (63 km/h; 39 mph) and an armament of nine 254 mm guns, but the requirement proved to be too ambitious for the specified size and it increased to 26,200 metric tons (25,786 long tons) in the design submitted in June 1938. By this time, however, details were becoming available for the Scharnhorst-class battleships and the ship was deemed inferior to the German ships. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and … [16], The ships had relatively light armor. Each section is labeled with a small number to show you the correct paint color so artists of all ages and experience levels can achieve impressive results. This category has the following 20 subcategories, out of 20 total. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Id say Kongo-Class Battlecruiser is definately without a doubt Japan's option. Earlier models. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. The largest warships built in the Soviet Union prior to 1938 were the 8,000-metric-ton (7,874-long-ton) Kirov-class cruisers and even they had suffered from a number of production problems, but the Soviet leadership preferred to ignore the industrial difficulties when making their plans. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. [11] The turrets could elevate at a rate of 10 degrees per second and traverse at 5.1 degrees per second. Right elevation of Kronshtadt class. The forward transverse 330-millimeter (13.0 in) bulkhead was 330 mm thick while the rear bulkhead was 275 millimeters (10.8 in) thick. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. ?GFCS … A large gunship officially designated as a heavy cruiser but more of a high-speed "small battleship" by technical characteristics. Germany and Russia designed new battlecruisers during this period, though only the latter laid down two of the 35,000-ton Kronshtadt class. Hiei, Kongo-Class Battlecruiser - 1926 The potential follow up is the Amagi-Class Battlecruiser. Their rate of fire also varied with the elevation from 7.5 to 4.8 rounds per minute. They had a beam of 31.6 meters (103 ft 8 in) and at full load a draft of 9.45 meters (31 ft 0 in). The Kronshtadts were specifically built to counter the threat of the german Bismarck-class. They were similar in size and cost to a battleship, and typically carried the same kind of heavy guns, but generally carried less armour and were faster.The first battlecruisers were designed in the United Kingdom in the first decade of the century, as a development of the armoured … He then asked if twin 380-millimeter (15.0 in) turrets could be used instead. The turrets were based on the MK-2 turrets planned for the Project 25 large cruiser. [8], The Kronshtadt-class ships were provided with two KOR-2 flying boats which would be launched by the catapult mounted between the funnels. [5], The Project 69-class ships were 250.5 meters (821 ft 10 in) long overall and had a waterline length of 240 meters (787 ft 5 in). The Stalingrad-class battlecruiser, also known as Project 82 (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 82), was a Soviet battlecruiser design from 1941. The second boiler room contained four boilers and was followed by a turbine room for the central shaft. Two KDP-4t-II directors, with two 4-meter (13 ft 1 in) rangefinders each, controlled the secondary armament. [19], Machinery problems were likely to delay the ships well past their intended delivery dates of 1943–44. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Alas, the demands of the war saw that the Kronshtadt was never built. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. The tactical diameter was estimated at about 1,200 meters (1,312 yd). [13] They could traverse at a rate of 12° per second and elevate at 10° per second. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Battlecruiser classes. These ships were designed to be an even cheaper companion to the preceding Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser.. [22], Sevastopol (Russian: Севастополь) was built by Shipyard No. The Project 25 design was then rejected on the grounds that it was too weak compared to foreign ships and the whole program was cancelled in early 1938 after an attempt to modify the design with larger guns had been made. Side view as the design appeared in early 1939. Usov (Translation and commentary by Evan Mawdsley ) [Translator's note] The Soviet battle cruisers Kronshtadt and Sevastopol (Project 69) have been among the mysteries of world capital-ship construction. The electrical plant originally consisted of four 1200 kW turbo generators and four 650 kW diesel generators, but these were upgraded for the Project 69-I ships. Another problem were the 305 mm guns and turrets as the armament factories were focused on the higher-priority guns for the Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleships. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. The Kronshtadt Class Battlecruiser was the lighter Soviet counterpart to the Sovetskaya Rossiya-class battleship. The single-reduction, impulse-reduction geared steam turbines were an imported Brown Boveri design shared with the Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleship, but the factory in Kharkiv that was to build them never finished a single turbine before the Germans invaded. I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like. Several designs were proposed, but rejected by the … Maximum fuel capacity was 5,570 metric tons (5,482 long tons) which gave a range of 8,300 nautical miles (15,370 km; 9,550 mi) at 14.5 knots (26.9 km/h; 16.7 mph) and 6,900 nmi (12,780 km; 7,940 mi) at 16.5 knots (30.6 km/h; 19.0 mph). Naval Front-Line Wiki is a FANDOM Games Community. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers had their origin in a mid-1930s requirement for a large cruiser (Russian: bol'shoi kreiser) capable of destroying 10,000-long-ton (10,160 t) cruisers built to the limits imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, of which the Soviets were not a signatory. [21], Kronshtadt (Russian: Кронштадт) was built by the Shipyard No. It was a smaller and less-expensive counterpart to the Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers of 1939. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Main article: Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser. An attempt to import 14,000 long tons (14,225 t) of steel and armor plate from the United States in 1939 failed, probably as a result of the Soviet invasion of Poland on 17 September 1939. Their rate of fire was 2.3 rounds per minute. Initially seven mounts were planned, but the one above the conning tower was exchanged for a director for the 100 mm guns in early 1940 when the Navy realized that the other directors were blocked by the superstructure. The 263-meter-long warship would be bigger, faster and more powerful than the Kronshtadt.The design included four steam turbines producing a total of 208,796 kilowatts of power, propelling the battlecruiser … Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II.These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and … [6] All of these changes added over 1,000 metric tons (984 long tons) to the ships' displacement and the sketch design was completed by 16 October 1940, as Project 69-I (Importnyi—Imported), even though they still lacked data for the turrets and their barbettes. 3 x twin 15 in guns. Much of the design work was accomplished by using naval engineers abducted from the British Empire, Japan and United States (and later UAPR). They were still on the slipways when the Germans invaded in 1941 and construction was suspended. But in 1944, Soviet premier Joseph Stalin rebooted the concept for a namesake ship, the Stalingrad-class battlecruiser. Their barbettes were protected with 330 mm of armor. Paint by Number kits aren’t just for kids. [9], The main turrets had 305 mm faces and backs and 125-millimeter (4.9 in) sides and roofs. [3], It was already apparent that the 305 mm guns and turrets were well behind schedule when Joseph Stalin asked the German representatives in Moscow on 8 February 1940 to negotiate a trade agreement if it would be possible to use the triple 283-millimeter (11.1 in) turrets in lieu of the triple 305 mm turrets of the Project 69 ships. In the 1930s the Soviets began development of a large cruiser ("bol'shoi kreiser") capable of destroying 10,000-long-ton (10,160 t) cruisers built to the limits imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, which the Soviets had not signed. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the … There was the Stalingrad Class Battlecruiser which had the Stalingrad Moscow (Moskva) and Krontadt, the one they showed was a Stalingrad Class Kronstadt image provided, the one with 15 inch guns was the Kronstadt Class a Battlecruiser that came before the Stalingrad and wasn't even approved due to the start of the war and the plans was lost for it. Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers. The Navy's Shipbuilding Administration thought that the original secondary armament of 130-millimeter (5.1 in) guns was too small and that the armor on the turrets, conning tower and the forward transverse bulkhead was too thin. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. [18], Two KDP-8-III fire-control directors were used to control the main armament. 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